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西中哲学史比较(七)/王澄
(博讯北京时间2011年9月10日 首发 - 支持此文作者/记者)
     古希腊七贤,The Seven Sages of Greece
    
     介绍历史就是要弄清每一个思想或思想体系是谁说的或提出的,要有人名和年代,如果还有背景介绍会更好。古希腊七贤是西方哲学史不得不提及的。他们是公元前6世纪的7位(或)哲学家,或政治家,或国家领导人(立法者),后人流传的他们的简单哲学话语和思想影响到他们身后的人类社会。因为是流传,所以说法有时并不一致。我把中文的和英文的维基内容并列出来,英文部分作为扩大阅读,内容更多些。 (博讯 boxun.com)

    
    古代希腊七位名人的统称,The Seven Sages (of Greece) or Seven Wise Men was the title given by ancient Greek tradition to seven early 6th century BC philosophers, statesmen and law-givers who were renowned in the following centuries for their wisdom.
    
    现代人了解较多的只有立法者梭伦和哲学家泰勒斯两人,剩余五人一般认为是奇伦、毕阿斯、庇塔库斯、佩里安德、克莱俄布卢,但无法确定。
    
    Traditionally, each of the seven sages represents an aspect of worldly wisdom which is summarized an aphorism. Although the list of sages sometimes varies, the ones usually included are the following:
    
    *1. 林度斯的克留勃拉- 他的格言是- “凡事取中庸之道”Cleobulus of Lindos - "Moderation is the chief good".
    
    Cleobulus of Lindos: "Moderation is the best thing." He governed as tyrant of Lindos, in the Greek island of Rhodes, circa 600 BC.
    
    *2. 雅典的梭伦- 他的格言是“避免极端”Solon of Athens - "Nothing in excess".
    
    Solon of Athens: "Keep everything with moderation." Solon (640-559 BC) was a famous legislator and reformer from Athens, framing the laws shaped the Athenian democracy.
    
    *3. 斯巴达的契罗- 他的格言是“认识你自己”Chilon of Sparta - "Know thyself".
    
    Chilon of Sparta: "You should not desire the impossible." Chilon was a Spartan politician from the 6th century BC, to whom the militarization of Spartan society was attributed[citation needed]. (王澄注:英文维基说契罗的名言是“不要期盼不可能的事”。而“认识你自己Know thyself”这句话因为太有名了,这句话是谁说的目前众说不一,有人说是柏拉图,有人说是苏格拉底,有人说是泰勒斯)。
    
    *4. 普里恩的毕亚斯- 他的格言是“人多手杂”Bias of Priene - "Too many workers spoil the work".
    
    Bias of Priene: "Most men are bad." Bias was a politician and legislator the 6th century BC.
    
    5. 米利都的泰勒斯- 他的格言是“过份执著稳健只会带来灾难”Thales of Miletus - "To bring surety brings ruin"
    
    Thales of Miletus: Thales is the first well-known philosopher and mathematician. His advice, "Know thyself," was engraved on the front façade of the Oracle of Apollo in Delphi. (王澄注:英文维基是“认识你自己”)。
    
    *6. 米蒂利尼的庇塔碦斯- 他的格言是“紧抓时机”Pittacus of Mitylene - "Know thine opportunity"
    
    Pittacus of Mytilene (c. 650 BC), governed Mytilene (Lesbos) along with Myrsilus. He tried to reduce the power of the nobility and was able to govern with the support of the popular classes, whom he favoured. He famously said "You should know which opportunities to choose." (王澄注:英文维基是“知道什么时候你的机会来了”)。
    
    *7. 科林斯的勃吕安德- 他的格言是“行事前要三思”Periander of Corinth - "Forethought in all things"
    
    Periander of Corinth: he was the tyrant of Corinth in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. Under his rule, Corinth knew a golden age of unprecedented stability. He was known saying "Be farsighted with everything." (王澄注:英文维基是farsighted,有远见的。“做事要考虑长远”)。 [博讯首发,转载请注明出处]- 支持此文作者/记者(博讯 boxun.com)
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