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中青会:没有民主就没有核安全
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(博讯北京时间2016年4月02日 首发 - 支持此文作者/记者)
    
    
     2016年3月31日,第四届核安全峰会在美国首都华盛顿召开,中青会代表秦伟平先生出席在华盛顿会议中心门口举行的一系列抗议活动,并在当日发表演说。
    
    中青会:没有民主就没有核安全
    
     中青会认为,中国作为一个能源消费大国,应该鼓励发展更清洁更高效的核电能源,但应该更加提升相关能源决策的透明度,让十三亿公众有知情权,目前,中国的核电站主要分布在经济发达的东南沿海各省,公众对于核电站的运营管理状况一无所知,中青会对于中国核电的安全问题表示强烈关注和担忧。
    
    

    
    中青会同时认为,没有民主,就不会有真正意义上的核安全。因为没有民主,权力缺乏制约,一切都在暗箱操作,公众随时都可能面临核安全的巨大威胁。
    
    

    
     当日,秦伟平先生接受美国媒体访问,表达对于中国核安全的担忧。同时,他希望中国作为一个举足轻重的核电大国,应该在抑制北韩核扩散等议题上承担更多的领导责任。华人牧师郭宝胜先生,中青会主席助理李博先生等近三百各界人士参加了当日活动,并通过Twitter等社交媒体直播活动盛况。
    
    

    
     英文媒体报道原文:
    
     http://dc.medill.northwestern.edu/blog/2016/03/31/despite-fukushima-daiichi-meltdown-countries-continue-to-explore-nuclear-power/#sthash.RpP0AEVB.ydY3d2GB.dpbs
    
     Despite Fukushima Daiichi meltdown, countries continue to explore nuclear power - by Xiumei Dong on March 31, 2016 ·
    
     WASHINGTON – The 2016 Nuclear Industry Summit closed Thursday following remarks by the head of International Atomic Energy Agency, reminding industry leaders of the tragic Fukushima Daiichi meltdown in Japan in 2011.
     The Nuclear Industry Summit attracted more than 350 industry leaders from around the world. Started in 2010, the summit – and the larger Nuclear Security Summit – are part of President Barack Obama’s initiative to secure vulnerable nuclear materials, break up black markets, and detect and intercept illicitly trafficked materials.
     “There are now 442 nuclear power reactors in operation in 30 countries. Another 66 are under construction, mostly in Asia,” said Yikiya Amano, director of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Amano said the global use of nuclear continues to grow despite the disaster in Japan five years ago.
     “Total and sustained commitment to the principle of ‘safety fist’ is a must,” he said. “Nuclear safety will always be a work in progress.”
     Industry executives and experts said nuclear power is expanding in developing countries. They said security issues are crucial in these countries.
     Nuclear newcomers need to expand in a coordinated, organized way, said Caroline Jorant, president of Stratégie de Développement et Réglementations Internationales. On Thursday, Jorant said that nuclear expansion in developing countries faces several challenges, including financing costly power plants, the limited technology available and the need for broad public acceptance of nuclear energy.
     Jorant said most of the expansion is happening in Southeast Asian and Middle Eastern countries, such as Jordan, Vietnam, and Thailand. As many as 148 new nuclear plants could go up in these countries by 2050.
     “It a different environment,” said Howard Hall, who serves as the director of the Institute for Nuclear Security at the University of Tennessee. Hall said local culture plays a strong role in the steps taken to keep nuclear plants safe. It is critical to consider regional solutions for nuclear security, Hall said.
     China has been a big player in nuclear power expansion. According to the World Nuclear Association, mainland China has 30 nuclear power reactors in operation, 24 under construction, and more due to start construction.
     Some people remain concerned about nuclear safety, despite the opportunities for increased energy output and the emphasis of industry leaders on proper training, document transparency, and strong government regulation.
    
    “China has built dozens of nuclear power plants on the southeast coast of China, as the public we are very concerned about the safety of the nuclear power plants because we the public do not have any right to participate in the counseling process of the nuclear powers,” said Weiping Qin, a leader of Youth Council of China Democracy. However, since most of mainland China’s electricity is produced from fossil fuels — predominantly coal — the advent of nuclear energy has helped reduce air pollution - See more at: http://dc.medill.northwestern.edu/blog/2016/03/31/despite-fukushima-daiichi-meltdown-countries-continue-to-explore-nuclear-power/#sthash.RpP0AEVB.ydY3d2GB.dpuf
    
    原载于中青会官网:
    
    http://freechina168.blogspot.com/2016/04/blog-post.html [博讯首发,转载请注明出处]- 支持此文作者/记者(博讯 boxun.com)
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