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澳洲民运人士前往捷克使领馆吊唁哈维尔先生
(博讯北京时间2011年12月22日 来稿)
    
    澳洲民运人士前往捷克使领馆吊唁哈维尔先生
    捷克驻悉尼领事馆吊唁。左起:孔天乐、捷克副总领事Šárka Ponroy Vamberová、秦晋
    澳洲民运人士前往捷克使领馆吊唁哈维尔先生


    哈维尔遗像前默哀
    
    澳洲民运人士前往捷克使领馆吊唁哈维尔先生
    
    12月18日晚间从电波获悉捷克前总统瓦茨拉夫•哈维尔先生于当日早些时候因病逝世。
    
    12月21日下午,民运人士秦晋与孔天乐谨代表中国民运团体联合工作委员会和中国民主党全委会澳纽地委前往捷克共和国驻悉尼领事馆,吊唁刚刚过世的捷克前总统哈维尔先生,并向领事Šárka Ponroy Vamberová女士呈递了中国民运团体致捷克共和国政府唁函,以表达对于哈维尔先生的哀思,表达对于他为捷克乃至全球民主化进程所作毕生贡献的敬仰。唁函下附。
    
    捷克驻悉尼领事Vamberová女士和其他使领馆工作人员热情地接待了前往吊唁的秦晋和孔天乐,并对秦晋和孔天乐的凭吊表示诚挚的感谢。
    
    捷克共和国驻悉尼总领事馆
    尊敬的捷克共和国领事阁下:
    
    我谨在捷克前总统瓦茨拉夫•哈维尔先生过世之际,向您与全体捷克人民表达我个人以及中国民运团体联合工作委员会属下的中国民运人士对这位一代伟人深切沉痛的哀悼。
    
    哈维尔先生对于民主、宽容、和解以及专门利人的精神以及在这些方面的毕生贡献赢得了举世的敬重。哈维尔先生的贡献体现在多个领域:他身为剧作家、《77宪章》起草人之一、天鹅绒革命之后的公民论坛创建者之一、捷克斯洛伐克共和国以及捷克共和国总统等多个身份。他为人权与民主事业所作的努力是无人能及的。
    
    我们深深地钦佩与折服哈维尔先生这一生所取得的辉煌成就。此时此刻,谨向伟大的逝者哈维尔先生,表达我们最诚挚的敬意。
    
    今天我们缅怀一位自由与公义的伟大斗士,今天我们追思一个在他的祖国走过历史上最黑暗一页时依旧昂首挺胸的人,今天我们——你们的依旧致力于在中国实现民主、自由的朋友——向哈维尔先生表示我们的敬意和哀悼,因为他的成功激励着许许多多的中国人继续与中共专制进行抗争。
    
    哈维尔先生在布拉格之春期间以及随后都扮演着重要角色,因而他受到了捷克斯洛伐克共产党当局的迫害。哈维尔先生也是《77宪章》的主要起草人之一,由于该宪章进一步要求在捷克斯洛伐克实现普世人权价值,因而哈维尔先生被多次投入监狱,最终于1989年捷克斯洛伐克举行第一次民主选举之前42天被释放。
    
    在捷克斯洛伐克和平演变的天鹅绒革命中,哈维尔先生成功地领导公民论坛夺得大选的胜利。哈维尔本人成为后共产党时代的第一任捷克斯洛伐克总统。尽管哈维尔先生反对斯洛伐克独立,但他还是确保后者的独立进程是非暴力的。此后哈维尔先生又担任捷克共和国总统长达10年,他从一个作家彻底转变为一个政治家,这不仅改变了捷克斯洛伐克,更鼓舞了整个世界。
    
    虽然我们中国人与你们捷克人并不拥有同样的历史、同样的语言或同样的文化,但我们在普世人权价值方面拥有同样的信念——每个个人意识的自由、每个公民人权的平等、社会每一位成员之间的互相信任与情谊,就这些本质而言,我们与你们一样,尽管你们东欧人民成功地实现了自由与民主,而我们还没有。
    
    中国共产党政府是当今世界最后一个专制主义的堡垒,中国政府一直在逆民主化的历史潮流而动。刘晓波先生等三百多人起草了《08宪章》,此后中国所发生的事情与30多年前捷克斯洛伐克所发生的是如此雷同。刘晓波被中国政府逮捕,判处有期徒刑11年。我们感谢哈维尔先生在推动2010年诺贝尔和平奖颁发给中国异议人士身陷囹圄的刘晓波的全部过程中所做出的杰出努力和贡献。“一个纯粹道义上的举动,哪怕它不能丝毫地产生即时的、显见的政治效应,它也能随着时间的发展而间接地成为政治中的一股重要力量。”
    
    中共在国际上似乎通行无阻,中国民主运动似乎已被国际社会淡忘。但是,我们锲而不舍地坚持着,正如哈维尔先生二十多年前所做的那样。我们坚信我们所从事的志事终将在全球民主化进程中不可忽视。“人类历史上曾经产生过若干篇对人类发展具有重大历史意义的文章,这些文章阐述了人际关系中的基本道义责任和根本原则。在这些历史性地文献中,于1948年被采纳的《人权宣言》非常独特”。但只有中国成为民主国家之后,这份宣言所包含的政治理想才能真正被实现。
    
    拯救中国以及其他尚且处于专制之下的国家的良方不是别的,而是改变“人们的心灵,让人民有能力反省自身,温良处世,勇于肩负各种社会责任”。这是个未完成的使命,而我们坚信历史站在我们这一边。
    
    今天我们不仅要缅怀哈维尔先生这位逝去的伟大领袖,更应当为“人民的言论胜过党军的镇压”的未来进行谋划。哈维尔先生的成功定将鼓舞我们,直到我们对于民主与自由的夙愿得以实现的那一天。
    
    
    
    秦晋
    中国民运团体联合工作委员会秘书长
    2011年12月21日,
    
    
    21st December 2011
    
    Consulate of Czech Republic in Sydney
    
    Your Excellency, the Consul General of Czech Republic, I would like to convey my condolences and sorrow to you and all of the Czech people on the passing of the former President of Czech Republic, Mr Vaclav Havel.
    As a leading member of the Federation for a Democratic China, based in Australia, a long term democracy activist, I would like to acknowledge and salute the immense contribution made by Mr Vaclav Havel in his lifetime for democracy, tolerance, reconciliation and for the benefit of others. His dedication presented in many forms; as a playwright, one of the authors of Charter 77 and co-founding the Civic Forum association after the Velvet Revolution and of course as President of the Czechoslovakia and then the Czech Republic. His dedication to the advancement of human rights and democracy were second to none.
    It is very comforting to know that he and his old friend, His Holiness the Dalai Lama, managed a successful one hour meeting in Prague at Mr Havel’s invitation in the days preceding his death. As the first world leader to invite His Holiness the Dalai Lama to his nation and receive him as visiting spiritual leader after he became President in 1990, the following nine visits and numerous meetings forged a long and lasting friendship between the two, both as like minded world leaders, and as old friends who both believe strongly in humanity and justice.
    As a member of an organization which is dedicated to the advancement of democracy across the globe, I wish to pay my respects to Mr Vaclav Havel, for his lifetime of achievements.
    Today we are in memory of a great fighter for liberty and justice. Today we mourn the loss of a man who managed to stand up straight in one of the darkest days of his country’s history. Today we, your friends who are still striving for freedom and democracy in China, would like to pay tribute to Mr. Vaclav Havel, whose success encouraged many of Chinese people to carry on the fight against autocracy.
    Mr. Havel played an active role during and after the Prague Spring, thus triggering his persecution by the Czechoslovakian communist authority. He was one of the main signatories of the Charter 77, a document which further demands the fulfilment of fundamental human values in Czechoslovakia. As a result of the creation of the Charter, Mr. Havel was put into jail on several occasions, only to be released eventually just 42 days before the first democratic election in Czechoslovakia in 1989.
    During this bloodless Velvet Revolution which saw the end of the communist dictatorship in the country, Mr. Havel successfully led the Civic Forum into office, and he himself became the first post-communist president of Czechoslovakia. Even though Mr. Havel was personally against the independence of Slovakia, he ensured that the independence process was carried out without violence. Being the leader of the Czech Republic for another decade, Mr. Havel’s transformation from a writer to a statesman was fundamental. It not only changed Czechoslovakia, but also inspired the world at large.
    Though we Chinese people do not share the same history, the same language, or the same culture with you, we do have the common belief in the fundamental human values, the freedom of will of every individual, the equality of human rights between the leaders and the people, and the fraternity and mutual trust between each member of the society. We are essentially the same as you. Even though the Eastern European people were successful in the pursuit of liberty and democracy, we were not.
    Struggling to be the last bastion of autocracy on earth, the government which leads our nation has been continuously moving backwards. It is still struggling against the tide of democratisation. Nevertheless, the Chinese people are more persistent in the campaign against one-party rule. Some of the Chinese intellectuals, headed by Mr. Liu Xiaobo, drafted the Charter 08. The things that follow suit in China perfectly resemble what happened in Czechoslovakia 30 years before. Liu Xiaobo was arrested and sentenced to 11 years in jail by the Chinese communist authority, and he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in absentia in 2010. ‘Even a purely moral act that has no hope of any immediate and visible political effect can gradually and indirectly, over time, gain in political significance.’
    In a world where the Chinese communist authority still seems to be powerful internationally, in a world where the Chinese democratic movement seems to be forgotten by the Western nations, we are persisting, like what Mr. Havel did more than two decades ago. We believe that our cause will once more be politically significant. ‘The history of the human race has generated several papers articulating basic moral imperatives, or fundamental principles, of human coexistence that substantially influenced the fate of humanity on this planet. Among these historic documents, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights — adopted in 1948 — holds a very special, indeed, unique position’ due to its universality. But only if China becomes a democracy can this Declaration be fully realized in this world.
    ‘The salvation’ of China and all other nations that are still ruled by autocrats and dictators ‘lies nowhere else than in the human heart, in the human power to reflect, in human meekness and human responsibility.’ This is a mission to be completed, and we are confident that history is on our side.
    Friends, today we Chinese democrats in Sydney not only offer our condolence to the loss of a great leader, but we also plan for the future, ‘where words can prove mightier than ten military divisions’. We will definitely be inspired by Mr. Havel, and will carry on the fight until our aspiration for democracy and liberty comes true.
    
    
    Chin Jin [博讯来稿] (博讯 boxun.com)
2870005


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