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维吾尔学者伊力哈木∙土赫和女儿在机场被扣
(博讯北京时间2013年2月03日 转载)
    (自由亚洲电台) 著名的维吾尔学者伊力哈木∙土赫提前往美国遭中国当局扣押。
    
     一名活跃的维吾尔学者表示,他和他女儿准备前往美国,却在北京首都机场遭中国当局扣押。

    
    “我和女儿被关在两个不同的房间里,”北京的中央民族大学教授伊力哈木∙土赫提通过手机告诉自由亚洲电台维吾尔语部。接通电话时为北京时间2月2日上午10:17(华盛顿时间2月1日晚上9:17),后来被确认也在这个时候他的手机被带走。
    
    当问及自由亚洲电台是否可以报道此事,他说“可以”。然后就断线了。
    
    自由亚洲记者多次拨打他的手机号码,但得到答案一直为“无法接通”。
    
    伊力哈木曾多次被扣押。自从2009年7月份之后,他和他的家人在北京遭到了中国当局多次限制。2009年7月在中国西北部的新疆首府乌鲁木齐维吾尔人和汉人之间爆发了冲突,事件造成约200人死亡。
    
    新疆维吾尔自治区生活着中国的少数民族维吾尔人。他们因遭主体民族汉人歧视而不满。
    
    短信
    
    伊力哈木∙土赫提周六早些时候给他的朋友发短信表示,他和他的女儿在机场安检时被扣。伊力哈木在在过去持续大胆地表达维吾尔人的不满。
    
    伊力哈木∙土赫提一名要求匿名的朋友向自由亚洲表示,他发短信告诉我两个警察在看着他,并提供了他们的警号。
    
    几分钟后,自由亚洲收到一条来自伊力哈木∙土赫提的短信:“现在有4名警察看着我”。他提供了另外两名警察的警号。
    
    当他的朋友问及他有什么可以帮忙的,这位学者表示,“向外界报道”。
    
    伊力哈木∙土赫提是“维吾尔在线”网站的创始人。这个阐明社会问题的温和、知识性强的网站2009年遭当局封闭。
    
    新版维吾尔在线去年重新开通,主要报道报道新疆新闻、讨论维吾尔社会。这网站服务器在海外,因审查而在中国仍被屏蔽。
    
    十八大
    
    去年十月份,即中国共产党在北京召开十八大前夕,他被迫带到乌鲁木齐和他在新疆的老家阿图什。
    
    他六周岁的儿子也被拒绝进入北京的小学上学。
    
    12月份,伊力哈木接受自由亚洲电台采访时曾表示,他谈新疆的维吾尔社会问题恐怕要影响他的家庭生活,而不只是自己。
    
    8月份,维吾尔在线网站报道新疆武警斋月走入清真寺监控维吾尔穆斯林宗教活动之后,中国当局审问伊力哈木∙土赫提,并警告他不要向外媒谈宗教问题或在线讨论。
    
    2011年9月,北京的中央民族大学取消一门由他任教谈新疆移民、歧视及发展的课程。在新疆许多维吾尔穆斯林遭受北京统治的痛苦。
    
    2009年7月的骚乱之后,呼吁在故乡民族区域自治制度得到落实的伊力哈木∙土赫提也遭2月拘留。
    
    尽管中国有其雄心勃勃的西北边疆大开发政策,但维吾尔人说,他们长期遭受民族歧视、宗教压迫,这地区的贫困和失业问题仍在持续。
    
    中国当局因最近几年发生的一系列致命袭击事件而指责维吾尔人为分裂分子,并指控有一个组织与“基地”恐怖网络保持联系。
    
    来源:RFA English 译者:维吾尔在线
    
    (中文为维吾尔在线首发,转载请注明出处)
    
    
    
    原文:Uyghur Scholar, Daughter Held
    
    Chinese authorities detain a prominent Uyghur professor as he is about to leave for the United States.
    
    An outspoken ethnic Uyghur scholar said he and his daughter have been detained by Chinese authorities as they were about to leave Beijing airport for the United States.
    
    “My daughter and I are kept in two separate rooms," Ilham Tohti, a professor at the Central Minorities University in Beijing, told RFA's Uyghur Service by mobile telephone at 10.17 a.m. Beijing time on Feb. 2 (9.17 p.m. Washington time, Feb. 1) before the device was believed to have been taken away by the authorities.
    
    When asked whether RFA could report his detention, he said, "Yes." The connection then dropped.
    
    RFA then tried calling his mobile phone repeatedly but kept getting a recording, "Unable to connect."
    
    Ilham Tohti had been detained several times before and he and his family faced a number of restrictions in Beijing since July 2009 when deadly ethnic violence between Uyghurs and Han Chinese rocked China's northwestern Xinjiang region's capital Urumqi, leaving about 200 people dead.
    
    The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is the homeland of China's Uyghur minority who complain of discrimination by the country's majority ethnic Han Chinese group.
    
    Text messages
    
    Ilham Tohti, who has constantly and fearlessly voiced the grievances of the Uyghurs, earlier on Saturday told his friend via text messages that he and his teenage daugter were detained "as they were going through security checks" at the airport.
    
    The friend, speaking on condition of anonymity to RFA, said that Ilham Tohti informed him that two policemen were watching him at the airport, providing the identification badge numbers of them.
    
    A few minutes later, RFA received a text mesasage from Ilham Tohti saying that "now there are four policemen watching me." He provided the identification badge numbers of the two additional policemen.
    
    When his friend asked him how he could help, the scholar said, "Report it to the outside world."
    
    Ilham Tohti was the founder of Uyghur Online, a moderate, intellectual website addressing social issues. It was shut down by authorities in 2009.
    
    A new version of the site, which reports Xinjiang news and discusses Uyghur social issues, reopened last year and is hosted overseas and blocked by censors in China.
    
    Party congress
    
    He was taken away from Beijing to Urumqi and Atush, his hometown in the Xinjiang region, in October last year ahead of the 18th National Congress of the ruling Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese capital.
    
    His six-year-old son had also been refused entry to primary school in Beijing last year.
    
    Ilham Tohti told RFA in December that he was afraid that speaking out about Uyghur social issues in Xinjiang has been negatively affecting his family’s life in Beijing in addition to his own.
    
    In August, Chinese authorities interrogated Ilham Tohti, warning him not to speak to the foreign media or discuss religion online, after he alleged on his website that the authorities had sent armed forces to mosques in Xinjiang to monitor Muslims during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.
    
    In September 2011, the Beijing Minorities University cancelled a class taught by him on immigration, discrimination, and development in Xinjiang, where many Muslim Uyghurs chafe under Beijing's rule.
    
    Ilham Tohti, who has called for implementation of regional autonomy laws in his home region, was also detained for two months following the July 2009 ethnic violence.
    
    Uyghurs say they have long suffered ethnic discrimination, oppressive religious controls, and continued poverty and joblessness despite China's ambitious plans to develop its vast northwestern frontier.
    
    Chinese authorities blame Uyghur separatists for a series of deadly attacks in recent years and accuse one group in particular of maintaining links to the al-Qaeda terrorist network.
    
    Reported by Mihray Abdilim for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Written in English by Parameswaran Ponnudurai and Jennifer Chou.
    
    Copyright © 1998-2011 Radio Free Asia. All rights reserved.
    
    链接:http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/scholar-02012013225438.html _(博讯自由发稿区发稿) (博讯 boxun.com)
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