[加评论] 页面有问题?请点击打印板-》打印版                  [推荐此文给朋友]
[博讯主页]->[大陆新闻]
   

维吾尔学者:骚乱一年后,新疆在沸腾
请看博讯热点:新疆问题

(博讯北京时间2010年6月18日 转载)
    法新社:Staff Writers
    北京 2010年6月13日报道
     维吾尔在线翻译(中文版维吾尔在线首发) (博讯 boxun.com)

    
     新疆骚乱发生一年之后,北京重申了令当地穆斯林群众为之愤怒的政策,这有可能成为另一个动乱的凶兆。
     在接受法新社采访时,维吾尔教授、维吾尔在线创建者伊力哈木•土赫提(Ilham Tohti)直言不讳地表示,中国政府“胡萝卜加大棒”的经济发展政策和严厉的管控措施令维吾尔人感到失望。他说,国家的对疆政策只让大批涌入新疆的汉族移民受益,而800万(译者注:《根据新疆统计年鉴》2009,2008年末新疆维吾尔族总人口为9831760人),维吾尔人在自己的故乡日益被边缘化。“新疆的局势对维吾尔人而言在持续恶化”,40岁的伊力哈木•土赫提在位于中国北京民族大学校园的家里如是说。在这所大学,虽然有人监视,他还是定期会举办以维吾尔族和经济为主题的讲座。“在这样的风气下,很难让维汉两族、移民者与当地人走到一起,这是一个巨大的问题,但是政府显然没有提出相应的计划。”
     信仰伊斯兰教、操突厥语的新疆维吾尔人声称,在紧邻中亚的新疆的大片区域里,本民族的政治、宗教信仰和文化权益受到当局数十年的压制。他们的愤怒终于在2009年7月5日爆发,维吾尔暴徒野蛮地袭击汉族人。官方称此次事件导致近200人死亡、1700多人受伤。当时,作为维吾尔人的高级知识分子,伊力哈木•土赫提被安全部门拘禁近6周时间。当局以煽动骚乱之名关闭了他创办的维吾尔在线网站,该网站主要批评中国政府的对疆政策并积极提倡维汉和解。在国内,该网站虽然还在被封锁,但是伊力哈木•土赫提利用国外的服务器重新开放了它。即使当局会定期干预,他还是恢复了在学校的讲座。他说他非常注意遣词造句以免激怒当局。
     4月,中国政府对在疆实行铁腕政策长达15年的党委书记王乐泉予以免职,并称会提高当地人民的生活水平。但是“除了宣传之外,没有发生任何实质的变化”,伊力哈木•土赫提用流利的普通话说道。他说,经济的增长,即便让维吾尔人受益,已无法让寻求真正自治的人民感到满意,“这就好比头疼的人去医院看病,医生却给他开了治脚痛的药一样。”“我们需要经济生活,但我们也需要文化生活,我们需要被尊重”。他认为,中国政府首先需要停止践踏自己制定的法律,尤其是承认新疆为“维吾尔自治区”的相关法律。他说“自治区”的称号只停留在纸面上,新疆实际上是在中共的管控之下。
     避免激进的手段,维吾尔人应该利用中国的法律寻求改变,“没有别的路可走”他补充道。出于这个目的,他将《民族区域自治法》翻译成了维吾尔文,通过电子版和印刷版发给在疆的读者们,他认为维吾尔人必须首先冲破无知的枷锁。“问题?我们不知道自己的问题所在,我们不知道自己的权利,我们也不知道如何维护自己的权利。当下最迫切的任务是教育我们的人民并且传播知识”他说。除了教育之外,还有生育问题。他鼓励作为少数民族的所有维吾尔人,利用自己的合法权益多生育子女,这是扩大本民族声音的一种途径。然而在中国政府以海外势力利用网络煽动闹事者为借口,切断当地网络之后,这种声音变得极其微弱。虽然在5月份当局表示解除网络管控,但是据伊力哈木•土赫提介绍,目前仍有至少80个维吾尔语网站无法登录。
     新疆的安全管控变得更为严厉,他补充道。当土耳其同胞指责中国的行径时,许多维吾尔人都为之振奋。伊力哈木•土赫提则认为维吾尔人不应该把希望寄托在他们身上。他说土耳其无意就此问题挑战日益强盛的中国政府,维吾尔人不应该指望海外势力。针对大批维吾尔人确信中国政府不会提供真正的文化和政治自治,他回应道“我只能说,让我们静待以观之”。
    
    原文:
    
    
    China's Xinjiang seethes a year after riots: Uighur activist
    
    
    by Staff Writers
    Beijing (AFP) June 13, 2010
     One year after deadly riots in China's Xinjiang, Beijing has reaffirmed policies that have angered Muslims in the region, raising the specter of further unrest, a top Uighur activist said.
     In an interview with AFP, Ilham Tohti – an outspoken professor, blogger and member of the Muslim Uighur minority -- said China's "carrot and stick" pairing of economic development with tight security controls had failed Uighurs. It has instead benefited members of China's majority Han ethnicity who are flooding into the region, while Xinjiang's eight million Uighurs are becoming further marginalised in their ancient homeland, with no end in sight, he said. "The situation for Uighurs in Xinjiang is increasingly bad," Tohti, 40, said in his modest flat on the campus of Beijing's Minzu University of China, where he lectures -- under watchful eyes -- on economics and Uighur issues. "In this climate, it is very hard to bring together Uighurs and Han, immigrants and locals. This is a huge problem but the government has come up with no plan for it." Xinjiang's Uighurs -- a Muslim, Turkic-speaking people -- have for decades alleged Chinese political, religious and cultural oppression in the vast region abutting Central Asia. Their anger erupted on July 5 last year when Uighur rioters savagely attacked Han in the capital Urumqi, leaving nearly 200 people dead and up to 1,700 injured, according to official figures. Amid the unrest, Tohti -- perhaps the top Uighur activist within China -- disappeared into police custody for six weeks. Authorities also shut down his Uighur Online website -- which criticised government policy in Xinjiang while advocating Han-Uighur understanding -- alleging it was fuelling the unrest. Tohti has since relaunched the site on an overseas server, though it remains blocked in China, and has resumed his lectures despite periodic interference by the authorities. He says he carefully measures his words to prevent provoking the authorities. In April, China's government removed Xinjiang's unpopular hardline Communist Party boss, Wang Lequan, who had held the post for nearly 15 years, and pledged to raise living standards in the region. But "nothing has really changed. Only the propaganda has changed," said the diminutive, chain-smoking Tohti, speaking fluent Mandarin. Economic growth alone -- even if it did benefit Uighurs -- cannot appease a people with centuries of history and culture who seek true autonomy, he said. "It's as if someone went to a pharmacy with a headache and they gave them medicine for foot pain," said Tohti, an animated figure who punctuates his points with wry smirks, raised eyebrows, and heavy sighs. "We need an economic life but we also need a cultural life. We need respect," he said. First, he said, China must stop flouting its own laws to oppress Uighurs -- especially the law making Xinjiang a "Uighur Autonomous Region". The designation exists only on paper, he said, with the Beijing-dominated Communist Party in control. Eschewing radicalism, Tohti says Uighurs must seek change through Chinese law, adding: "There is no other way out." To this end he has translated the autonomy law into Uighur, distributing it electronically and via printed copies through a network of supporters in Xinjiang, and arguing that Uighurs must break their own shackles of ignorance. "The problem? We don't understand our own problem. We don't understand our own rights. We don't understand how to protect our rights. The most pressing task is to cultivate our people and spread knowledge," he said. Besides education, there is the issue of procreation. Tohti urges all Uighurs to take advantage of their legal right, as an ethnic minority, to have more than one child as a way of magnifying their voice. Yet that voice has been stifled since the riots, he said, as China shut down Xinjiang's Internet access during the unrest, saying instigators were using it to foment violence. The government touted the lifting of those restrictions in May as a return to normalcy but Tohti said at least 80 Uighur sites that were accessible before the riots remained blocked.
     Security in Xinjiang has become draconian, he adds. Many Uighurs were buoyed when ethnic cousin Turkey criticised China's handling of the unrest. But Tohti calls that misplaced, saying Turkey is unlikely to challenge a rising, economically powerful China on the issue and that Uighurs cannot expect overseas help. What does he tell the many Uighurs convinced that China will never allow true cultural and political autonomy? "I can only say, let us wait and see," he said. _(博讯自由发稿区发稿) (博讯 boxun.com)

博讯相关报道(最近20条,更多请利用搜索功能):
  • 喀什严重山洪 维吾尔人自救遭拘捕
  • 新疆喀什维吾尔族妇女学习古兰经遭查封
  • 27所军警院校2010年在新疆招生586人,维吾尔人未曾听说
  • “网络恐惧症”在维吾尔社会中蔓延
  • 世维会:天津再次发生汉族暴力攻击维吾尔人事件
  • 维吾尔人担心中国推行普通话为名消灭语言文化
  • 张春贤突然入疆,维吾尔人有话说
  • 张春贤入疆维吾尔人呼吁应该落实民族区域自治制
  • 维吾尔在线站长伊力哈木.土赫提被禁止出国
  • 维吾尔在线站长伊力哈木.土赫提被国保通知不能出国
  • 世维会:维吾尔政治犯遭中共处决
  • 中国政府助新疆建设6.5万套廉租房,维吾尔人忧产生新的不公平
  • 世界维吾尔代表大会关注被捕维族网络作者下落
  • 遭逮捕的维吾尔网络异议人士至今下落不明
  • 维吾尔在线:强烈呼吁关注海来特·尼亚孜等维吾尔人的命运
  • 维吾尔人精神的守望者——专访中央民族大学教师伊力哈木•土赫提
  • 中国发布通知限制并恐吓维吾尔人使用互联网自由
  • 关注新疆内地学生在线:又有维吾尔网站被无理被关闭?
  • 上海世博前夕新疆拘64名维吾尔人
  • 正在扩大的云南瑞丽维吾尔人墓地
  • 国际笔会严重关切维吾尔诗人阿布露莎因文被捕
  • 我们与我们的权利-1 /维吾尔族
  • 中美关系和维吾尔人
  • 让中国政府与维吾尔人安心的方法
  • 维吾尔在线:沉痛惦念维吾尔生物学家阿巴斯博尔汗先生
  • 新疆女人们,你们的孩子注定不能成为党的宠儿!/维吾尔在线
  • 浅巴州:民族,人口,政治/维吾尔在线
  • 毛泽东的维吾尔血统揭秘(图)
  • 伊力哈木.土赫提是维吾尔人的良心
  • 我的青春,我的故乡——读世界维吾尔会议日本全权代表伊力哈木自传新书/寒江雪
  • 由维吾尔间谍获刑简谈奸细文化及其它
  • 一个维吾尔青年:“我对奥巴马有话说!”
  • 我又不是维吾尔人?!
  • 再劝汉人反思一下自己的国家民族观——我为维吾尔人说句话/秋风秋水
  • 宗教专家郭保胜呼吁维吾尔族党员退出中共
  • 伊利夏提:努尔白克力能代表维吾尔人吗?
  • 维吾尔人历史宗教文化挖掘新疆事件根源/余英时
  • 新疆自治区主席证实警方开枪,击毙12名维吾尔参与者。
  • 再访迪里夏提:维吾尔人遭受双重迫害
  • 第二批166名人士签署关于维吾尔学者伊力哈木•土赫提遭拘押的呼吁以及留言


    点击这里对此新闻发表看法
  •    
    联系我们


    All rights reserved
    博讯是畅所欲言的场所、所有文章均不一定代表博讯立场
    声明:博讯由编辑、义务留学生、学者维护,如有版权问题,请联系我们。另外,欢迎其他媒体 转载博讯文章,为尊重作者的辛勤劳动以及所承担风险,尊重博讯广大义务人士的奉献,请转载时注明来源和作者。