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独立中文笔会世界人权日声明 (中英文本)
(博讯北京时间2009年12月11日 转载)
    
     来源:独立中文笔会 作者:独立中文笔会
     (博讯 boxun.com)

    独立中文笔会世界人权日声明yy

——强烈抗议北京当局滥用文字狱恶法图谋重判刘晓波
    
    独立中文笔会惊悉,北京公安局已于上星期将刘晓波案的《起诉意见书》提交北京市人民检察院,以涉嫌“煽动颠覆国家政权罪”指控“刘晓波伙同他人起草08宪章,叫嚣推翻社会主义制度,罪行重大”,企图起诉并谋求重判刘晓波博士。独立中文笔会再次提出强烈抗议,并呼吁国内外各界敦促中国有关当局纠正这一滥用文字狱恶法公然侵犯言论自由的错案,立即无条件释放刘晓波。
    
    著名作家刘晓波博士是享誉国际的文学评论家和政论家,独立中文笔会第二、三任会长和现荣誉会长,一向坚持和平理性的原则,通过自己的著述不断呼吁改善中国人权状况和推动中国的民主化进程。去年世界人权日六十周年前夕的12月8日深夜,刘晓波博士因发起和起草《08宪章》被北京警方从家中带走并抄家;北京公安局此后滥用“监视居住”的法律程序,将他违法关押于不明之处长达六个半月久,于今年6月23日正式逮捕,此后三次延长侦查期限关押至今。尤其令人愤慨的是,北京市人民检察院明显滥用《中国人民共和国刑事诉讼法》第126条和127条,已将刘晓波博士至少作为“犯罪涉及面广,取证困难的重大复杂案件”和“可能判处10年有期徒刑以上刑罚”的犯罪嫌疑人批准延长侦查羁押期限,企图对他以言论罪起诉并谋求重判。
    
    众所周知,《08宪章》是一份凝聚了各阶层人士希冀国家实行政治民主化变革共识的文本,其温和、理性和建设性已在海内外引起越来越广泛的认同,至今签名支持者已超过一万人。北京公安局《起诉意见书》以这样的文字作为涉嫌“煽动颠覆国家政权罪”的主要指控证据,明显是“欲加之罪,何患无词”,是又一起以言论罪的文字狱恶例。
    
    独立中文笔会在去年世界人权日发表的“狱中作家奖”颁奖词《挑战当代文字狱恶法的勇士》中指出:“‘煽动颠覆国家政权罪’由《中国人民共和国刑法》第105条第2款所定,是中国产生当代文字狱的主要恶法。自1997年中国修改刑法,将‘反革命宣传煽动罪’改名以来,当代文字狱并没有随着‘反革命罪’的废止而消失,也没有因中国在次年签署联合国《公民权利和政治权利国际公约》而有所收敛,反因此恶法更易滥用严刑而狱门大开。”以“煽动颠覆国家政权罪” 被关押及判刑者至今已数以百计,在被捕前参与起草这篇颁奖词的刘晓波现因同一“罪嫌”遭关押并面临起诉以致重判,显然是这一恶法继续滥用的最近受害者,也一向是身体力行挑战当代文字狱恶法的勇士。独立中文笔会重申这一认同,呼吁国内外各界敦促中国有关当局立即无条件释放刘晓波博士,并促使这一恶法早日废除,使笔会会员师涛、杨天水、力虹、杜导斌、张林及其他所有因言获罪者早日获释,使当代文字狱早日终止。
    
    独立中文笔会是国际笔会——世界上最悠久的人权组织和国际性文学组织的145个成员分会之一,致力于维护全球中文作家的言论和写作自由,维护世界各地因从事其专业工作而遭监禁、威胁、迫害或打压的作家和新闻工作者的权益。关于笔会致力于保护作家和维护言论自由的更多信息,请参见
    http://www.chinesepen.org。
    
    
    
    For Press Release
    
    December 10, 2009
    
    
    ICPC Strongly Protests Beijing’s Recent Moves to Severely Punish Liu Xiaobo
    
    Independent Chinese PEN Centre (ICPC) has issued a Human Rights Day statement today to express its outrage against Beijing authorities for their recent moves toward the criminal prosecution and severe sentence for Dr. Liu Xiaobo, its Honorary President, calling on international and domestic communities to urge Chinese regime to correct such an injustice and release Dr. Liu immediately and unconditionally.
    
    The statement goes as follow:
    
    ICPC is outraged to have learnt that the Beijing Public Security Bureau submitted its Prosecution Recommendation of Dr. Liu Xiaobo’s case to the Beijing Municipal People’s Procuratorate last week, in which it was alleged under suspicion for the offence of “inciting subversion of state power” that “Liu Xiaobo had drafted Charter 08 together with others, clamouring to overthrow the socialist system, as his major crimes” to be prosecuted for a severe sentence. ICPC strongly protests this move and calls on international and domestic communities once again to urge Chinese regime to correct such an injustice as it is based on the abuse of evil laws as literary inquisition to flagrantly violate of the freedom of expression, and release Liu Xiaobo immediately and unconditionally.
    
    Dr. Liu Xiaobo, an internationally-recognized literary critic and political commentator as well as ICPC’s former and Honorary President, has always upheld the principles of peace and rationality for China’s human rights improvement and democratization advancement through his writings unceasingly. He was taken away from his home raided by the Beijing police on December 8, 2008, on the eve of Human Rights Day, for his initiating and drafting Charter 08. He had been held for six and a half months under “residential surveillance” abused illegally by the police at an unknown location before he was formally arrested on June 23. He has been held until now after the police extended deadline for investigation thrice. It is particular outraged that Beijing Municipal People's Procuratorate has obviously abused Articles 126 and 127 of “Criminal Procedure Law of People’s Republic of China" to have approved the extensions for investigation by taking Dr. Liu Xiaobo as a suspect at least in “the grave and complex cases that involve various quarters and for which it is difficult to obtain evidence” and “who may be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of ten years at least” , and so attempting to prosecute him toward a severe sentence for crimes of opinion.
    
    It is well known that Charter 08 is a manifesto calling for bold reforms promoting democracy and human rights in China. Its pacific temper, rationality and constructiveness have earned more and more approval in China and abroad. More than 10,000 Chinese citizens have signed Charter 08. It is once again a bad case of literary inquisition that the Prosecution Recommendation by Beijing Public Security Bureau take this document as the main evidence to charge Liu Xiaobo with “inciting subversion of state power”, which is a typical example of that he who would hang his dog gives out first that it is mad.
    
    ICPC issued an awarding statement on Human Rights Day last years that commented , “The offence of inciting subversion of state power defined by Article 105 (2) of Criminal Law of People’s Republic of China, is a major evil law in China that has created the contemporary literary inquisition. Since China revised its Criminal Law in 1997 when renaming the offence of counter-revolutionary propaganda and incitement to that of inciting subversion of state power, the contemporary literary inquisition has neither disappeared with the abolition of counter-revolutionary offences, nor restrained due to the Chinese government’s signature of UN’s International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights a year later, but the doors of prisons have been opened even wider as this evil law has made even easier abuse of severe sentences.” Hundreds of people have been imprisoned and sentenced for the offence of inciting subversion of state power. Dr. Liu Xiaobo, who participated in drafting this statement just a few days before his detention has been held for suspicion of the same offence and who is now facing the prosecution toward a severe sentence, is obviously the most recent victim of this evil law, but also one of the warriors who has been challenging the contemporary literary inquisition. ICPC reaffirms this stand and calls on international and domestic communities to press Chinese authorities for immediate and unconditional release of Dr. Liu Xiaobo, for abolishing this evil law to release ICPC members Shi Tao, Yang Tianshui, Li Hong, Du Daobin, Zhang Lin and other writers imprisoned ASAP, thus terminating the contemporary literary inquisition.
    
    The Independent Chinese PEN is among 145 member centers of the International PEN, the oldest human rights organization and international literary organization. It aims to protect Chinese writers' freedom of speech and freedom to write worldwise and advocates for the rights of Chinese writers and journalists who are imprisoned, threatened, persecuted or harassed. For more information on ICPC's work, please visit http://www.chinesepen.org. (博讯记者:蔡楚) (博讯 boxun.com)

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