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登山者目击西藏女尼遭枪杀/ 山子译
(博讯2006年10月08日)

【国际珠峰攀登者网站mounteverest.net】(山子译)
(博讯 boxun.com)

五天前(指 9月30 日——译者注),在一大群国际登山者眼前,包括儿童在内的人群遭到枪击。至少一名女尼被杀。一群登山者希望世界确切地知道事实。

一个美国登山者从卓奥友山直接向 ExplorerWeb 网站报告:"30 日和1日在这里发生的事情还不为世人所知,"他 2日报道。他的电子邮件是恐怖的目击者报告,那些准备登顶冲击的登山者亲眼目睹穿越囊帕拉山口的藏人遭到枪击。 "目睹队伍在雪地上蜿蜒逃命,枪声四起,我们注意到两个人形仆倒。望远镜下就清楚了:两人倒下,没有再起来。"

◎ 菲律宾登山医生哽咽着证实消息

据《菲律宾每日问询报》报道,菲律宾卓奥友山探险队也目睹了枪杀事件。"星期六,在打给《菲律宾每日问询报》的一通移动电话中, Ted Esguerra 医生情绪激动,说至少看见三个人在囊帕拉山口被枪杀,两女一男。"报纸报道说。"我在这里是救死扶伤的,可我却目睹了夺去生命," 据《菲律宾每日问询报》说, Esguerra 医生说到这里哽咽了。

◎ 被迫放弃女尼满目弹孔的尸体

国际声援西藏中心刚发布消息,指出其中一名丧生者是 25岁左右的女尼。这名女孩在逃亡尼泊尔的半路上被中国边防军人射杀。该组织说, 70多名西藏逃亡者中有二三十岁的,也有小到十岁的孩子,他们中四十三人逃过了枪击,安全抵达尼泊尔,目前正在转道去加德满都的难民接待中心的路上。当地消息来源说,这些藏人担心死亡人数恐怕不止一个。其他三十多人则下落不明。

另一个西藏人消息来源散发的新闻稿说,这些人被迫在囊帕拉山口放下女尼满布枪弹的尸体,因为他们害怕否则会招致他们被捕。

◎ 英国登山向导:中国士兵跪姿,瞄准,射击

国际声援西藏中心也接触了一位英国登山队向导,这名向导说,其他英国登山者看到,倒下的藏人之一后来爬了起来,说明两人中也许幸存了一个。这名向导还说,在先头大本营多达 60名登山者目睹了这一事件。他说:"他们看到中国士兵非常靠近大本营,跪姿,瞄准藏人射击,一遍又一遍,而那些藏人完全是手无寸铁。"

国际法要求,边防守卫只有在生命遭遇威胁时才能作为最后手段使用武器。

◎ 事件未结束

事件尚未落幕。幸存的西藏难民目前还有被尼泊尔当局送交中国的危险。"这次事件后抵达尼泊尔的西藏人的安全是首要的。我们正在寻求联合国难民高级专员公署的保证,确保彻底保护这些已在尼泊尔的西藏人,我们向他们指出,以前曾有已经向他们而仍被尼泊尔遣返的例子。" 国际声援西藏中心执行主任 Mary Beth Markey 表示。


Nangpa La update: Young Tibetan nun shot dead in front of climbers



08:39 pm EST Oct 05, 2006

Five days back, people including children were shot at right before the eyes of a large international community of mountaineers. At least one young nun lost her life. A couple of climbers made sure the world knew.

An American climber reported straight from Cho Oyu to ExplorersWeb, "There is a story that happened here on the 30th and the 1st that is not being told," he reported on October 2nd. His email was a horrible eye-witness report of climbers on summit push spotting Tibetan refugees getting shot while crossing Nangpa La. "Watching the line snake off thru the snow, as the shots rang out, we saw two shapes fall. The binoculars confirmed it, 2 people were down, and they weren't getting up."

Filipino climbing doctor, close to tears, confirms

The Philippine Daily Inquirer reports that the Filipino Cho Oyu expedition also witnessed the killing: "In a cell phone call to the Inquirer on Saturday, an emotional Dr. Ted Esguerra said he saw at least three people -- two women and a man -- shot dead on the Nangpa La," says the news article. "Here I am trying to save lives. Yet I am a witness to the taking of lives," said Esguerra, who sounded as though he were close to tears according to the Philippine Daily Inquirer .

Forced to abandon the bullet-ridden body of the nun on the pass

The International Campaign for Tibet organization just released a full report stating that one victim was a Tibetan nun in her mid twenties. The girl was shot dead by Chinese border patrols while on her way into exile in Nepal.

The organization states that Forty-three Tibetans from a group of more than 70, including children as young as ten as well as Tibetans in their twenties and thirties, escaping from Tibet were apparently able to escape from the gun-fire and safely reach Nepalese territory, where they are now en route to the Tibetan Refugees Reception Center in Kathmandu. According to local sources, the Tibetans feared that there might be more than one fatality. The whereabouts of the more than 30 remaining Tibetans from the group is not known.

According to the press release, another local Tibetan source said that members of the group had been forced to abandon the bullet-ridden body of the nun on the pass, because they feared that carrying it out of Tibet might lead to their arrest.

British mountain guide: Chinese soldiers were kneeling, taking aim and shooting

The organization also spoke to a British mountain guide, who said that other climbers had witnessed one of the Tibetans getting up after they had fallen, indicating that one of the two might have survived. The guide also said that up to 60 climbers at ABC probably witnessed the incident. "They could see Chinese soldiers quite close to Advance Base Camp kneeling, taking aim and shooting, again and again, at the group, who were completely defenceless," he said.

International law requires that the use of firearms by border patrols be done only as a last resort and when life is at risk.

Not over

And it's not over yet. The surviving Tibetan refugees are now also at risk to be returned to China - by Nepal. "The safety of the Tibetans who have just arrived in Nepal after this incident must be paramount. We are seeking assurances from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees to ensure full protection to those Tibetans in the group who are now in Nepal, noting previous incidents where refugees have been refouled from Kathmandu even after appealing to the UNHCR for protection," states Mary Beth Markey, Executive Director of the International Campaign for Tibet.

Read the full report here

Between 2,000 and 3,000 Tibetans make the dangerous crossing through the Himalayas via Nepal to India each year, seeking refuge after repression in Tibet, simply to be in the presence of the Dalai Lama, or for other personal reasons. Approximately a third are children who are being sent to study in Tibetan exile schools. Many others are monks and nuns seeking a religious education that is not possible in Tibet due to the restrictions imposed in monasteries and nunneries.



(博讯记者:蔡楚) [博讯首发,欢迎转载,请注明出处]- 支持此文作者/记者 (Modified on 2006/10/09) (博讯 boxun.com)
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