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星期四, 10月 14, 2021
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美国计划重开美加美墨边境,专家警告新冠病毒可能无法根除

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美国政府宣布,将在下月重新开放美加美墨边境。首席传染病专家同时警告说,新冠病毒可能永远也无法清除。

美国顶级传染病专家安东尼·弗契在参议院作证(2021年7月20日)

美国政府宣布,将在下月重新开放美加美墨边境。另外,美国顶级传染病专家警告说,新冠病毒可能永远也无法根除。

美国政府星期三(10月13日)宣布,11月起将向完全接种新冠疫苗的旅行者重新开放美国与加拿大和墨西哥的陆路边境。这些边境的所有汽车、火车和轮渡口岸2020年3月以来因新冠疫情全部关闭,但贸易等紧急交通除外。

拜登总统几个星期前宣布,下月起将允许全部接种新冠疫苗的外国人搭乘飞机进入美国,但没有确定具体日期。官员说,新规定将在11月初生效。

政府官员对记者说,寻求非法进入美国的人将继续受前总统特朗普依据美国法典第42卷(Title 42)颁布的防止边境偷渡者寻求避难的命令的限制。

美国议员以及加拿大和墨西哥政府一直要求拜登政府解除边境口岸的限制。他们认为这些限制让家庭无法团圆,也让美国失去了几十亿美元的旅游收入。

与此同时,拜登总统顾问、美国顶级传染病专家安东尼·弗契(Anthony Fauci)承认说,新冠病毒可能永远也无法清除,“世界多数地区”依然处于新冠病毒爆发的疫情阶段。

弗契在白宫例行简报中说,“真正清除这个高度传染性的病毒将会很难,至少在可预见的将来如此,也可能是永远。”

他说,“只有一种人类的疾病被彻底根除,那就是天花。”

弗契说,“世界多数地区”依然处于“病毒爆发疫情阶段的某些方面,但新增病例的增加正在下降。“

弗契说,卫生专家“希望对病毒有一层控制,让我们能够实际接近我们都渴望的某种正常。”

弗契强调说,可以通过接种疫苗来实现足够的控制水平。他希望最终能将每日新增病例降到“极大低于1万的水平。”

他说,美国依然“有大约6600万能够接种疫苗的人没有接种疫苗,”“我们面对的形势是,你要应对的是一个高度传播力的病毒,每天的病例在8万到9万之间。这不是你希望的。”

(本文参考了美联社和路透社的报道)

((PLAYBOOK SLUG: COVID MAIN, 1st UPD

HEADLINE: US Announces Plans to Reopen Land Borders With Canada, Mexico in November

TEASER: Biden administration to lift restrictions on non-essential travel at all vehicle, train and ferry crossings that were imposed in 2020

PUBLISHED AT: Wednesday, 10/13/2021 at 2:50 pm

BYLINE: VOA News

WRITER: Wayne Lee, Richard Green

DATELINE: Washington

SCRIPT EDITORS: Tom Turco, Bowman

PLATFORMS (mark with X): WEB _X_ TV __ RADIO __

EDITOR NOTES: Edits to headline, lede, grafs 3, 7, 8; new grafs 9, 12-17 ))

The United States announced Wednesday that it will reopen its land borders with Canada and Mexico for fully vaccinated travelers beginning next month.

The borders have been shut down at all automobile, train and ferry crossings since March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with the exception of essential travel such as trade.

The lifting of restrictions for non-essential travelers at the land borders comes just weeks after the administration of President Joe Biden announced it would allow fully vaccinated foreign citizens to fly into the country beginning next month. An exact date for the new rules has not been set, but officials said they would be in effect in early November.

Administration officials told reporters that people seeking to enter the United States illegally would continue to be subject to the so-called Title 42 order put in place by former President Donald Trump that prevents many border crossers from seeking asylum.

The Biden administration has been under pressure from U.S. lawmakers, as well as Canada and Mexico, to lift the restrictions, which they say has cut off families and deprived the United States of billions of dollars of tourism dollars.

In a related matter, the Indonesian resort island of Bali is preparing to welcome international travelers from several countries back to its renowned beaches on Thursday after being closed for more than a year due to the pandemic. Visitors from China, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea and the United Arab Emirates will have to show proof of being fully vaccinated, undergo testing upon arrival and quarantine in their hotel rooms for at least five days.

The World Health Organization released Wednesday a proposed team of experts to investigate the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic that has sickened nearly 239 million people around the globe, including nearly 4.9 million deaths, according to the Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center. [[ https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/ ]]

The proposed team of experts, known as the Scientific Advisory Group for the Origins of Novel Pathogens, includes specialists in fields like laboratory safety and biosecurity, a nod towards speculation among Western governments pressing for consideration of whether the virus emerged from a laboratory in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, where it was first detected in late 2019..

A team of investigators dispatched to Wuhan earlier this year concluded the outbreak likely began as an animal-to-human transmission, but the report was criticized by many as incomplete, mainly due to the Chinese government’s refusal to cooperate with the investigation. In July, a senior Chinese health official rebuffed WHO’s plan to further study the origins of COVID-19. [[ https://apnews.com/article/health-china-coronavirus-pandemic-united-nations-a20391afec60601f3d666efc3c18b61d ]]

The U.S. intelligence community was ordered by President Biden to come up with its own determination of the origins of the pandemic, but reportedly told the president it could not reach a definitive conclusion. [[ https://www.voanews.com/a/covid-19-pandemic_reports-us-intelligence-community-undecided-origins-covid-19-pandemic/6209961.html ]]

The nation’s top infectious disease expert, Dr. Anthony Fauci, acknowledged Wednesday the coronavirus may never be eliminated and that “much of the world” remains in the pandemic phase of the outbreak.

Fauci, the Infectious Diseases Director at the National Institutes of Health and Infectious Diseases, made the assessment during a regular White House briefing on the pandemic.

“It is going to be very difficult, at least in the foreseeable future and maybe ever, to truly eliminate this highly transmissible virus,” he said.

To put the battle against the coronavirus in perspective, Fauci said “There’s been only one disease that’s a human disease that’s been eradicated and that is smallpox.”

He said “much of the world” is still “in some aspects in the pandemic phase of the outbreak” but is “now seeing now a decline in acceleration” of new cases.

The U.S. continues to lead the world in coronavirus deaths, with more than 717,000, and in new infections, with nearly 44.6 million, according to the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center.

Some information for this report came from The Associated Press and Reuters.

((BRIEF SLUG: US-WHITE HOUSE COVID BRIEFING

HEADLINE: Top US Infectious Disease Expert Acknowledges Coronavirus May Never Be Eradicated

TEASER: Dr. Fauci warns ‘much of the world’ is still in the pandemic phase and that foreseeable future will be “very difficult”

PUBLISHED: 10/13/21 at 1:29 pm

BYLINE: VOA News

WRITER: Wayne Lee

SCRIPT EDITORS: DLJ, RH

TYPE: Brief

EDITOR NOTES: ))

U.S. infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci acknowledged Wednesday the coronavirus may never be eliminated and that “much of the world” remains in the pandemic phase of the outbreak.

Fauci, an adviser to U.S. President Joe Biden and the Infectious Diseases Director at the National Institutes of Health and Infectious Diseases, made the assessment during a White House briefing on the pandemic.

“It is going to be very difficult, at least in the foreseeable future and maybe ever, to truly eliminate this highly transmissible virus,” he said.

To put the battle against the coronavirus in perspective, Fauci said, “There’s been only one disease that’s a human disease that’s been eradicated and that is smallpox.”

He said “much of the world” is still “in some aspects in the pandemic phase of the outbreak” but is “seeing now a decline in acceleration” of new cases.

Fauci said health care experts are “looking for a level of control of the virus that would allow us to be able to essentially approach the kind of normal that we are all craving for.”

Fauci emphasized that an adequate level of control can be achieved through vaccinations that he hoped would eventually lower new daily cases to “considerably less than 10,000.”

He noted the U.S. still has “about 66 million people who are eligible to be vaccinated who remain unvaccinated.”

“We’re dealing with a situation where you have a highly transmissible virus and with the dynamics of the virus are at 80 to 90,000 cases a day. That’s not where you want to be,” he said.

The U.S. continues to lead the world in coronavirus deaths, with more than 717,000, and in new infections, with nearly 44.6 million, according to the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center.

转载自 美国之音中文网

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