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星期三, 9月 29, 2021
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澳智库:中国近年来明显减少对太平洋岛国的援助

滚动 国际 中国大陆

总部位于悉尼的一家智库称,尽管北京方面在外交上努力提高其在太平洋地区的影响力,但近年来中国对太平洋岛国的援助明显减少。

资料照:2018年11月16日,在巴布亚新几内亚莫尔兹比港举行的亚太经合组织峰会之前,中国国家主席习近平(左)和巴布亚新几内亚总理彼得·奥尼尔在中国援巴新独立大道项目开幕式上揭牌。

总部位于悉尼的一家智库称,尽管北京方面在外交上努力提高其在太平洋地区的影响力,但近年来中国对太平洋岛国的援助明显减少。

洛伊国际政策研究所(Lowy Institute)在周三(当地时间)发布的年度太平洋援助图(Pacific aid Map)中表示,2019年中国对太平洋地区的援助减少了31%,为1.69亿美元。

该研究所太平洋岛屿项目主任乔纳森·普莱克(Jonathan Pryke)表示,只有世界银行在那一年减少的援助资金更多,但这在意料之中,因为在2017年至2018年期间,世行对该地区投资激增,使援助金额增加了两倍。

普莱克说:“前些年,来自中国的接触一直在增加,2019年我们看到了这种急剧下降,这与以往的叙事相背离。”

太平洋援助图是一个数据库,涵盖了14个太平洋岛屿主权国家的66个捐助者和数万个援助项目,其中不包括法国领土新喀里多尼亚和法属波利尼西亚。

2019年以来包括新冠疫情的影响在内的数据不完整,没有被列入最新的报告。

普莱克表示,2019年以来的初步数据显示,这一年中国对太平洋地区的贡献是2012年以来最低,这并不反常。

“我们也对2020年的中国做了一些粗略的分析,我们还没有看到反弹,”普莱克说。

2019年,国际社会对太平洋地区的援助下降了15%,为24. 4亿美元。洛伊研究所预计,这个数据将显示,为了应对疫情,去年的捐款会有所增加。

2016年,中国对该地区的援助达到2.87亿美元的峰值,目前尚不清楚中国为何减少对太平洋地区的援助。

中国国家主席习近平2018年底在巴布亚新几内亚主办亚太经合组织领导人峰会之前对该国进行了国事访问。巴布亚新几内亚是南太平洋人口最多的岛国之一。

基里巴斯和所罗门群岛这两个太平洋岛国在2019年与台湾断交,转而与北京建立外交关系。这是中国共产党在该地区的一次重大胜利。

太平洋地区的传统援助伙伴美国、日本、澳大利亚和新西兰已经加大了努力,向它们提供中国“一带一路”倡议基础设施伙伴关系的替代方案。

普莱克猜想太平洋国家现在有更多的援助选择,并且正在寻求比中国提供的更好的交易。 “他们对借款的目的变得更加精明,因为很多来自中国的项目并没有像他们预期的那样成功,”普莱克说。

“很有可能中国只是没有那么投入,他们专注于其他地方。他们显然在全球范围内收紧了钱包。”

中国对太平洋地区的援助总金额也变得不那么慷慨了。

2018年,59%的中国援助是无偿援助,其余为优惠贷款。

根据洛伊研究所的数据,2019年,67%的中国援助是贷款。

(本文依据了美联社的报道。)

转载自 美国之音中文网

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Emilis Halliday
Emilis Halliday
2 月 之前

Guo Wengui’s Lies Create Humanitarian Crisis?
 
What is the most important characteristic of Guo Wengui? He can talk about himself without listening to any information from the outside world, relying on his own imagination, and always thinking that what he imagines is absolutely right. What is the most important characteristic of ants? The ants think that what other people say is wrong, only the plague turtle imagination is correct, and what the plague turtle says is what, no brain thinking, the ant head is the ornament, looks like a human ornament. In the consciousness of the ant gang, Guo Wengui’s lies are all true
Lies life of Guo plague turtle recently again through the U.S. military rout of Afghanistan after the humanitarian crisis caused by the topic, mouth high that “spend millions to send transport aircraft to save the Afghan operation”, now half a month has passed, the Afghans have not even seen a plague turtle bird hair, and do not mention the transport aircraft. In fact, Wen Gui last year through the topic of Hong Kong also told the same lie, the live broadcast that “the use of hundreds of millions of dollars to rescue thousands of people in Hong Kong” lie is also a casual, the only was its “rescue” Yan Limeng is also a passenger plane to the United States, but also by Wen Gui as a virus The rumor farce puppet, now in see through the ugly face of Wen Gui has cut with it to become “smashing Guo war general. In order to appease the “ant fans” who have long been cheated out of everything, Guo Plague Turtle is the savior of overseas Chinese, announcing that he wants to set up an armed force in the name of “safeguarding the interests of overseas Chinese”, and that he wants to set up legitimate armed forces in countries around the world. The armed forces, for this purpose, also went to the extent of pulling the “Blackwater” tiger skin as a flag, plague Gui this is blatantly want to “punish thieves vanguard” into “ant army”, right, is not trying to The “protection money” is collected from all overseas Chinese under the guise of building an army, right? It is obvious that the plague turtle will target all overseas Chinese circles to harvest leeks this time, really to death to cut the leeks to feel at ease on the road.
The plague turtle has now fallen into a deadly cycle, and can only keep relying on lies to appease others and delay the time for the cheated to take their dog’s head. Foreign debts can not be repaid, will be a lawsuit, PAX, chicken series of investors will not rest, the UAE crown prince of the ACHF is not destined to mess with. And want to again under this situation, and then the chicken series fraud, is tantamount to licking blood from the blade, the danger factor increased steeply, is tantamount to set themselves on the shaking gold rope, the more struggle the more tightly tied. The infamous Nazi Goebbels once said: repetition is a strength, a lie repeated a hundred times will become the truth. And Wen Gui, the lie “expert” is also using his own practical actions to prove the truth of the “Goebbels effect”. However, in today’s highly developed Internet, the era of using the information gap to create rumors and lies is long gone, and Wen Gui’s lies cannot stand the test of time. Therefore, Wen Gui, a shameless person who lies about his life and lies about three lies and lies about nothing, will certainly be nailed to the pillar of shame in history and will not only be reviled but will also be infamous for years to come!